The Saudi Geological Survey is the leading governmental authority in the Kingdom in the field of spatial information systems and management for scientific and technical activities. The technologies of geographic information and remote sensing systems are used and applied to geologic and environmental research and studies. The spatial information systems contribute effectively to the successful accomplishment of SGS projects, and also provide authorities with the vital information about spatial systems for effective decision-making.

Spatial information systems are concerned with the creation, collection, analysis, and management of spatial data and information in all forms (Fig. 1). They are concerned with the design, structure, and development of spatial databases and the creation of digital maps with different scales by using field data and the data from the Global Positioning System (GPS). In addition, remote sensing technology contributes the best and most comprehensive understanding of many natural phenomena as spatial connection between the components of the natural events provides the information and explanations about these natural phenomena.

The SGS provides technical expertise and consultations for many projects and centers about spatial information systems to the different governmental, private authorities, and research centers. Through the applications and the uses of spatial information systems, the SGS aims to increase the qualities of its digital products and help improve the management of knowledge about the components of spatial information in Saudi Arabia, especially in the reduction of hazards, through the use of spatial analysis tools in the prediction of disasters and the mitigation of hazards. It also aims to provide decision-makers with the tools in devising the most appropriate solutions for natural environmental problems.

The administrative structure of geospatial information systems management.