Geological surveys around the world are one of the main gateways through which communities can acquire geoscience knowledge and their importance and applications to daily life. These scientific agencies, therefore, provide or disseminate useful information that can be used by the different sectors of the society and help decision makers in making vital decisions.

The increase in global demand for materials derived from natural resources has given impetus to geological surveys to focus and prioritize mineral explorations.

Due to the urban expansion that the world has been experiencing since World War II and to the great concerns and perplexities aroused by geological hazards and environmental problems, geological surveys have been concerned with geohazards and environmental problems and have provided communities with the necessary geological information to understand the nature and causes of these problems and to help reduce their detrimental impacts to the affected communities.

The Saudi Geological Survey develops mechanisms to facilitate the provisions of geological information to all sectors of the society